## Controlling Type I error in RCTs with interim looks: a Bayesian perspective

Recently, a colleague submitted a paper describing the results of a Bayesian adaptive trial where the research team estimated the probability of effectiveness at various points during the trial. This trial was designed to stop as soon as the probability of effectiveness exceeded a pre-specified threshold. The journal rejected the paper on the grounds that these repeated interim looks inflated the Type I error rate, and increased the chances that any conclusions drawn from the study could have been misleading.
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