The design effect of a cluster randomized trial with baseline measurements

Is it possible to reduce the sample size requirements of a stepped wedge cluster randomized trial simply by collecting baseline information? In a trial with randomization at the individual level, it is generally the case that if we are able to measure an outcome for subjects at two time periods, first at baseline and then at follow-up, we can reduce the overall sample size. But does this extend to (a) cluster randomized trials generally, and to (b) stepped wedge designs more specifically? [Read More]